Saturday, July 18, 2020

Vagus Nerve Stimulation Dramatically Reduces Inflammation

Vagus Nerve Stimulation Dramatically Reduces Inflammation The vagus nerve is always at play in people with gut problems, food sensitivities, fatigue, anxiety, depersonalization, and brain fog.This means that people have a lower vagal tone, i.e., having a lower ability to perform its functions.The one problem to address in this situation is to find out which part of the vagus nerve is malfunctioning and to what extent it is the problem compared to other aspects of your biology.WHAT IS THE VAGUS NERVE?The vagus nerve is the main component of the parasympathetic nervous system that is responsible for regulating the “tend-and-befriend” or “rest-and-digest” responses.Even though it’s not the only nerve in the parasympathetic system, it is the most important due to having the most far-reaching effects.Vagus’ literal meaning is ‘wanderer’ because this nerve wanders all over the human body to various crucial organs.The vagus nerve reaches the gut (intestines, stomach), brain, liver, heart, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen, ureter, kidn ey, neck (pharynx, larynx, and esophagus), reproductive organs (female), lungs, tongue, and ears.Due to its incredible importance to other organs, if the vagus nerve isn’t working properly, it could lead to digestive disorders such as GERD, gastroparesis, dyspepsia, anorexia, ulcerative colitis and bulimia among others.It can also lead to inflammation because of fight-or-flight responses in the nervous system.INFLAMMATORY RESPONSES Inflammatory responses are what lead to the development of various diseases as well as severe chronic pain.As a matter of fact, in most cases, inflammation serves as our body’s response to stress.So the only way to reduce inflammation is by reducing the fight-or-flight responses in the nervous system as well as lowering biological markers for stress.Usually, doctors would prescribe medications to fight inflammation, but there have been growing pieces of evidence that engaging the vagus nerve and improving the “vagal tone” is another way of doing t hat.This can be accomplished by maintaining the daily habits of meditation and yoga or in other extreme cases   such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using an implanted device for vagus nerve stimulation (VNS).VNS REDUCES ARTHRITIC INFLAMMATION DRAMATICALLYA joint team of researchers from the United States and Amsterdam conducted a clinical trial concluded that by stimulating the vagus nerve with a small implanted device reduced inflammation significantly and improved outcomes for patients with rheumatoid arthritis by inhibiting cytokine production.According to researchers, rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease that has affected over 1.3 million people in the United States and costs over tens of thousands of dollars to treat it annually.For this experiment, the neuroscientists and immunology-experts used state-of-the-art technology in order to map the neural circuitry that regulates inflammation.One circuit, known as the “inflammatory reflex,” there are actio n potentials that are transmitted in the vagus nerve which hinder the production of cytokines.This is regarded as the first human study of its kind to reduce rheumatoid arthritis symptoms by stimulating the vagus nerve with a small implanted device that triggered a chain reaction and as a result, reduced cytokine levels and inflammation.And even though the experiment was focused on rheumatoid arthritis, the results also provided positive implications for people suffering from other diseases, including Crohn’s, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s.Paul-Peter Tak, the international principal investigator and lead author of the paper from the Division of Clinical Immunology Rheumatology of the Academic Medical Center at the University of Amsterdam, said in a statement:“It is the first study to determine whether stimulating the inflammatory reflex directly with an implanted device can treat RA in human beings. We have demonstrated previously how targeting the inflammatory reflex may hel p reduce inflammation in animal models and in vitro models of RA….. which may also be relevant for other immune-mediated inflammatory diseases.”In other words, these findings give us a better edge in combating diseases that, at the moment, can only be treated with very expensive drugs that come with a wide range of side-effects.Therefore, VNS offers healthcare providers a more effective alternative for improving the lives of people suffering from chronic inflammatory diseases.VAGUS NERVE FUNCTIONSBrainFor the brain, the vagus nerve aids in mood and keeps anxiety and depression under control.The nerve is the one responsible for the mind-body connection since it goes out to all of the major organs (with the exception of the adrenal and thyroid glands).The vagus nerve is intimately linked with how we connect with one another, as in, it links directly to the nerves that tune our ears to human speech, regulate emotional expressions and coordinate eyesight.It is also what influences t he release of the hormone oxytocin, that is important for social bonding.Studies suggest that a higher vagal tone is largely associated with more altruistic behavior and greater closeness to others.The vagus activity of a child may be affected by their mother.In one study, it revealed that mothers who were angry, depressed or anxious during pregnancy gave birth to children with lower vagus activity.Other studies suggest that the vagus nerve is crucial for getting in the mental state of “flow.”It is assumed that a combination of sympathetic (fight-or-flight) and vagus activation produces the right atmosphere for a flow state.By increasing orexin in the prefrontal cortex, vagus nerve stimulation may increase a person’s wakefulness.It has been proven to reduce the amount of daytime sleep as well as rapid eye movements in epilepsy patients who have suffered traumatic brain injury and also promote the recovery of consciousness in comatose rats after a traumatic brain injury.However , the vagus nerve can also lead to ‘sickness behavior’ (sleepiness, fatigue, loss of appetite, anxiety, depression, decreased motivation and inability to concentrate) in an inflammatory state.Kidney and BladderThe vagus nerve has been proven to promote general kidney function. It increases blood flow and helps in glucose control, which then improves blood filtration.Vagus activation leads to the release of dopamine in kidneys, which excrete sodium and thus lowers blood pressure.A side effect of the vagus nerve is that it causes urinary retention as it leads to the bladder.Another way to look at it is that a lowered vagus stimulation can cause you to urinate frequently.GutIn the gut, the vagus nerve increases digestive juice secretion, stomach acidity, and gut flow.If there is less vagus stimulation, it could increase the risk of IBS, which is the result of less flow. That’s why the vagus nerve is important for increasing gut flow (motility).Vagus nerve stimulation increases th e release of histamine by stomach cells, which helps in releasing stomach acid. Hence, low stomach acidity is a problem in the vagus nerve.The vagus nerve is important to help you absorb vitamin B12 by releasing intrinsic factor.After a meal, relaxation and satiety are caused by activation of the vagus nerve’s transmission to the brain in response to food intake.The vagus nerve is crucial for conditions such as GERD because it controls stomach acidity and the esophagus.Liver, Pancreas, and GallbladderThe vagus nerve helps control blood glucose balance in the liver and pancreas.For the gallbladder, the vagus nerve helps release bile, which is what gets rid of toxins and breaks down fat.HeartIn the heart, the vagus nerve controls blood pressure and heart rate.Stimulating the vagus nerve prevents the risk of heart disease as well as other fatal diseases.Mouth and EarsThe vagus nerve helps control taste and saliva in the tongue and releases tears in the eyes.It also helps explain why a person coughs when tickled on their ears, such as the case when you’re trying to remove ear wax with q-tips or a cotton swab. It can also help people with tinnitus due to its connection to the ear.SpleenIn the spleen, vagus activation reduces inflammation by releasing acetylcholine.Even though the activation targets the most important organs, the response is more systemetic in the spleen.Since the vagus nerve connects to a woman’s cervix, uterus, and vagina, it helps control their orgasms and fertility.POSSIBLE SYMPTOMS OF VAGUS NERVE DYSFUNCTIONBrain problemsObesity and weight gainAnxietyDepressionIBSHigh and low heart rateChronic fatigueDelayed gastric emptying or gastroparesisDifficulty in swallowingB12 deficiencyDizziness/faintingHeartburnChronic inflammationDISORDERS THAT VAGUS NERVE ACTIVATION CAN FIGHTGiven that the vagus nerve is linked with many different functions and brain regions, several types of research have uncovered the positive benefits of vagal stimulation o n a number of diseases and conditions such as:OCDAlzheimer’sMigrainesHeart diseaseAnxiety disordersTinnitusObesityFibromyalgiaMemory disordersChronic heart failureMultiple sclerosisBulimiaAutismAlcohol addictionCancerMood disordersLeaky GutBad blood circulationSevere mental diseases12 WAYS TO STIMULATE THE VAGUS NERVE 1.  Singing or ChantingAccording to one study, singing increases heart rate variability (HRV).In fact, mantra chanting, humming, hymn singing, and upbeat energetic singing are known to increase HRV in different ways.Singing, in particular, begins the work of the vagal pump, which sends relaxing waves through the choir. When you sing at the top of your lungs, the muscles in the back of the throat activate the vagus.Energetic singing activates both the vagus nerve and the sympathetic nervous system, which enables you to get into a flow state.Singing in unison, usually practiced in churches and synagogues, also activates vagus stimulation and increases HRV.It also incre ases oxytocin, a chemical which brings elated joy and happiness.2.  ColdStudies reveal that when our bodies get adjusted to cold, our fight-or-flight (sympathetic) system decreases and our rest-and-digest (parasympathetic) system increases because it is managed by the vagus nerve.Exposure to any kind of acute cold will boost vagus stimulation. You can start this off by dipping your face in cold water.3.  MeditationTwo kinds of meditation, namely loving-kindness meditation and om chanting, can stimulate the vagus nerve.The loving-kindness meditation enhances the vagal tone, which is measured by HRV. Om chanting stimulates the vagus nerve as well.4.  YogaYoga has been documented to increase vagus nerve and parasympathetic system activity in general.This is backed by the results witnessed in the 12-week yoga intervention.The program saw an increase in thalamic GABA levels, which led to greater improvements in mood and anxiety than a control group that did walking exercises.5.  Deep and Slow BreathingYour heart and neck consist of neurons that have receptors known as “baroreceptors.”The neurons detect your blood pressure and then transmits the neural signal to the brain (NTS), which then activates your vagus nerve that connects to your heart to lower heart rate and blood pressure.This brings about a lower fight-or-flight activation (sympathetic) and more rest-and-digest (parasympathetic).Baroreceptors can at times be quite sensitive.When they become too sensitive, they will transmit signals to the brain, informing it that the blood pressure is too high and it’s time to activate the vagus nerve to lower it.Slow breathing, along with roughly equal time contributed to breathing in and out, has been reported to increase the sensitivity of your baroreceptors and activate vagal stimulation, which in turn, lowers blood pressure and reduces anxiety by reducing your sympathetic nervous system and enhancing your parasympathetic system.An average adult can benefit from 5-6 breaths per minute.A proper breathing technique would be to breathe from the belly and slowly at that.6.  Positive Social RelationshipsIn one study, participants were told to sit and think about others in a compassionate manner by silently repeating phrases such as “may you feel safe, may you feel healthy, may you feel happy, may you live with ease,” and continue to return to these thoughts when their minds wandered.Compared to control groups, the ones meditating showed an overall increase in positive emotions including interest, joy, serenity, amusement and hope after the class.These psychological and emotional changes were linked with a greater sense of connectedness to others and an improvement in vagal stimulation, as seen by HRV.However, simply meditating isn’t enough to bring a more toned vagus nerve.That’s because the change only occurred in those meditators who were happier and felt more socially connected.On the other hand, those who meditated just as much and didn’t show any signs of feeling closer to others showed no change in the tone of the vagus nerve.7.  PrayerStudies show that reciting the rosary prayer increases vagus activation.More specifically, this method increases cardiovascular rhythms such as HRV and diastolic blood pressure.Other studies suggest that reading one cycle of the rosary takes about 10 seconds and causes readers to breathe at 10-second intervals (including breathing in and out), which increases HRV as well as vagus function.8.  LaughterThe infamous saying known as “laughter is the best medicine” is not all talk as it is actually linked with several health benefits, one including stimulating the vagus nerve.A study performed on yoga laughter confirmed increased HRV in the laughter group.However, there are various reports of people fainting from laughter, which could be due to the vagus nerve being stimulated too much.Other instances of fainting come after urination, swallowing, coughing, or bowel movements, all that is due to vagus stimulation.There are also reports of passing out from laughter in people who have a rare syndrome (Angelman’s) that are linked with increased vagus stimulation.Sometimes laughter is a side effect of vagus nerve stimulation.On the other hand, a good chunk of laughter is good for cognitive function and guards against heart diseases. It even increases nitric acid and beta-endorphins and benefits the vascular system.9.  ProbioticsThe brain connects to the gut system through the vagus nerve.Various reports have been surfacing that point to an effect of the gut microbiota on the brain.Animals that were supplemented with the probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus experienced a number of positive changes in GABA receptors mediated by the vagus nerve.10.  Breathing Exercises If you breathe in and out with resistance, it will potentially stimulate your vagus nerve better in the same manner as jogging with a backpack.A breathing exercise that lets you breathe out as ha rd as you can, will make you uncomfortable, but you will also notice how awake you are.There are not enough studies on this, but it is said to help you with your vagus nerve.11.  PEMFMagnetic fields have also been reported to stimulate the vagus nerve.Some studies conclude that PEMF can increase both vagus stimulation and HRV.You can use a pulse magnetic stimulator called an ICES in your gut and brain to stimulate your vagus nerve, which helps increase your appetite and reduce inflammation.12.  MassagingMassaging can also stimulate your vagus nerve, including the carotid sinus that is located on your neck, which helps reduce seizures.Other than that, the vagus nerve can be activated by a pressure massage.These messages are effective in helping infants gain weight by stimulating gut function, which is largely mediated by vagus nerve activation.Foot massages are also useful in increasing HRV and vagal activity, while also lowering your blood pressure and heart rate, all of which reduc e the risk of developing heart diseases.

Thursday, May 21, 2020

College Application Essays are in the Past

The percentage of college students who are accepted and actually enroll is extremely low. College applications have become easier and easier allowing more students to successfully complete them and be accepted much easier. Why not fill out more applications if it is such a simple process? Students are filling out applications because it is not such a complex process anymore and then not accepting the offer to attend when the colleges accept them. Applications Made Easy In an effort to have more students attend, colleges have limited and some have even done away with essay questions. Requirements have been made less rigorous even though some test scores are coming up. Most colleges still require a standardized test such as the SAT or ACT. The massive amount of students applying and not attending can partially be accredited to the new ways to apply online. There are many websites that will allow students to apply to more than one college with one application. While this is less work for the student it is can also be a waste of time for the colleges. Writing on these applications is relatively simple and only asks for some personal reflection, which has no right or wrong answers. Common Applications The Common Application is a website that promotes equality and integrity in the college application process. This website allows students to submit college applications to as many as 500 colleges with one application process. It began with only 15 colleges a person could apply to in 1975 and has expanded greatly to cover many more schools. Colleges That Require Essays Colleges that still require essays have created less generalized options such as going from a prompt that asks prospective students to write on an essay of their choice to offering specific prompts that help them choose a focus and provide opportunity for personal reflection. This has made it easier for some students while making it a bit more difficult for others. Some students are well organized and want to choose a topic that would tell exactly who they are while other students need the specific prompts that will give them guidelines to write about. Some students welcome the opportunity to write about themselves but others find it a grueling task to try to figure out what colleges are looking for in the essay remarks. Bonus: Application Tips When filling out college applications they should reflect the student and not sound like a dictionary. Professors and admissions officers know the difference in a thesaurus and a high school students’ language. Keep it professional but do not sound like a dictionary. After all dictionaries can be boring and they want to know about the prospective student and their interests. While slang is not appropriate do not be too concise or wordy. The writing should get the students’ ideas or prospective across without having to bluntly state them. The writing should make a point that is easy to understand. Make sure all aspects of the question have been addressed and revise until it is satisfactory.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Planning and Controlling - 3630 Words

LESSON 8 PRODUCTION PLANNING AND CONTROL Abha Kumar STRUCTURE 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 Introduction Objectives Production management Product design Design of production system 8.4.1 Types of production system 8.5 Manufacturing process 8.5.1 Types of manufacturing process 8.5.2 Factors affecting the choice of manufacturing process 8.6 Production planning and control 8.6.1 Benefits to small entrepreneur 8.6.2 Steps of production planning and control 8.7 Summary 8.8 Glossary 8.9 Self-Assessment Questions 8.10 Further Readings 8.0 INTRODUCTION After taking decisions about the type of business, its location, layout etc. the entrepreneur steps into the shoe of production manager and attempts to apply managerial principles to the production†¦show more content†¦It is also known as mass flow production or assembly line production. This system ensures less work in process inventory and high product quality but involves large investment in machinery and equipment. The system is suitable in 116 plants involving large volume and small variety of output e.g. oil refineries reform cement manufacturing etc. (b) Job or Unit production: - It involves production as per customers specification each batch or order consists of a small lot of identical products and is different from other batches. The system requires comparatively smaller investment in machines and equipment. It is flexible and can be adapted to changes in product design and order size without much inconvenience. This system is most suitable where heterogeneous products are produced against specific orders. (c) Intermittent Production: Under this system the goods are produced partly for inventory and partly for customers orders. E.g. components are made for inventory but they are combined differently for different customers. . Automobile plants, printing presses, electrical goods plant are examples of this type of manufacturing. 8.5 MANUFACTURING PROCESS The nature of theShow MoreRelatedplanning and controlling1118 Words   |  5 Pagesï » ¿PLANNING To establish and operate an effective organization, all managers perform several major functions or activities. These functions enable managers to create a positive work environment and   to provide the opportunities and incentives. The key   management functions include   -Planning -Organizing -Directing   -Controlling. Each of these functions are critical to the success of any manager and organizations. The primary function of the four is PLANNING. Planning is the processRead MorePlanning, Leading, And Controlling1859 Words   |  8 Pagescategorized into the four major functions of planning, organizing, leading, and controlling. Before making a biblical approach of these functions I would like to talk a little bit about them. 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Traditional and Renewable Sources of Energy Free Essays

TRADITIONAL ENERGY SOURCES SIDE BY SIDE RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES: WHICH ONE IS MORE LIKELY TO WIN THE BATTLE WITHIN THE FOLLOWING DECADES? Assuming that the energy is a vital asset for the human being, it’s really hard to answer this question, because both of them have advantages and disadvantages. When I read for the first time this question I immediately thought that renewable energy sources would win, but then I realize that it can’t, because this kind of energy is not able to generate all the energy that we need. Having said that I don’t mean that the traditional energy sources could win, because, as I said first, it has disadvantages, such as pollution and the fact that the sources are exhaustible. We will write a custom essay sample on Traditional and Renewable Sources of Energy or any similar topic only for you Order Now I think we should consider them together with their advantages and disadvantages. The traditional energy sources, although they are exhaustible sources, they are present in huge quantity in the world and they can generate all the energy that we need. Instead, renewable sources are inexhaustible, but, as I wrote before, they can’t generate all the energy we need. Both of them need a big place where can be installed. As a result, both have a considerable impact on the environment. Others disadvantages for the renewable energy sources are that sometimes these resources are not available and the cost for this energy technology is more expensive than the other. After summarizing very briefly the advantages and disadvantages of the two types of energy sources, I can conclude that traditional and renewable energy sources can’t separate, they will continue to co-exist if we want to generate energy. The main problem is how the human being uses the energy. Unfortunately, in some countries, people don’t know the right value attributed to energy use. Doing so they consume more energy than what they need. People don’t realize that with small steps daily they can help save energy and save money, too! I think that every government have to invest money in that kind of education, and then invest more money for the renewable energy sources if we want to breath better air, not forgetting that the renewable energy sources cannot generate energy without the support of the traditionals one. How to cite Traditional and Renewable Sources of Energy, Papers

Saturday, April 25, 2020

Uniform Chaos Essay Research Paper In Sopohocles free essay sample

Uniform Chaos Essay, Research Paper In Sopohocles # 8217 ; calamity # 8220 ; Oedipus the King # 8221 ; , Oedipus proclaims # 8221 ; it was I who have pronounced these expletives on myself # 8221 ; ( Madden 37 ) . With this proclamation, Oedipus is cognizant that his chase for order has led to a life of pandemonium. The cardinal thesis is that the given of order establishes physical, rational, and religious pandemonium. The text # 8217 ; s mention to the sphinx, Oedipus, and Tiresias creates this impression. These three actual forms are the metaphoric symbolists of physical, rational, and religious pandemonium. The construct of physical pandemonium is foremost introduced during the first address of the priest when mention is made to the # 8220 ; rough vocalist # 8221 ; ( Madden 37 ) , the sphinx. In Greek mythology, the sphinx is recognised as a intercrossed animal with a adult female # 8217 ; s caput, a king of beasts # 8217 ; s organic structure, an bird of Jove # 8217 ; s wings, and a snake # 8217 ; s tail. In world, # 8220 ; the virgin with the crooked talons # 8221 ; ( Madden 48 ) , is a alone original for many things in one individual being. We will write a custom essay sample on Uniform Chaos Essay Research Paper In Sopohocles or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The sphinx is an prototype of devastation and pandemonium who establishes # 8220 ; the revenue enhancement [ they ] had to pay [ her ] # 8221 ; ( Madden 17 ) because she devourers all who fail to reply her conundrum. Her domination of Thebes causes mayhem and melancholy responses that are straight related to the grade of her physical pandemonium. The confrontation between Oedipus and the sphinx ends with the latter destructing herself, # 8220 ; the winged maiden came against him: he was seen so to be skilled # 8221 ; ( Madden 29 ) , due to Oedipus replying her conundrum. By destructing herself, the sphinx makes it possible for the prophets to come true. With her reign of panic at an terminal, the sphinx makes it possible for Oedipus to go on with his life in chase of order. Chaos is established because of the chance for the prognostications to go an actuality. The physical visual aspect of the sphinx and her suicide foreshadow pandemonium for Oedipus in the close hereafter. As the sphinx is the step of highest physical pandemonium, so Oedipus is a step of extreme rational pandemonium. Oedipus, being the male monarch of Thebes, portrays qualities that signify intelligence, fortitude, and freedom from uncertainty. Oedipus # 8217 ; intelligence is outstanding upon cognition of his ailment religion ; Oedipus, in his present province of head, interprets the prognostications made to him literally. This class of action aids in the achievement of the prophets. # 8220 ; [ Phoebus ] said [ Oedipus ] would be [ his ] female parent # 8217 ; s lover, show offspring to mankind [ that ] they could non look at, and be his [ male parent s ] liquidator. When [ Oedipus ] heard this, and of all time since, [ he ] gauged the manner to Corinth by the stars entirely, running to a topographic point where [ he ] would neer see the shame in the prophet # 8217 ; s words come true. # 8221 ; ( Madden 37 ) . # 8221 ; By seeking to put down a systematic life, Oedipus ironically commits the # 8220 ; wretched horrors # 8221 ; ( Madden 37 ) he intends to avoid, therefore coming to the realisation that # 8220 ; [ he ] struck them with his manus # 8221 ; ( Madden 52 ) . Oedipus answers the conundrum of the sphinx # 8220 ; and stopped her-by utilizing idea # 8221 ; ( Madden 26 ) . By making so, Oedipus # 8217 ; wages for liberating Thebes was the throne and the manus in matrimony of the widowed Jocasta. His intelligence-driven fulfillment of the prognostications induced pandemonium because # 8220 ; [ her ] conundrum wasn # 8217 ; T for a adult male chancing by to construe, prophetic art was needed # 8221 ; ( Madden 26 ) . The realisation that # 8220 ; [ he has ] pronounced these expletives on [ himself ] # 8221 ; ( Madden 37 ) depicts how Oedipus establishes rational pandemonium because the picks he makes to procure order in his life queerly adequate provoke a helter-skelter clip to come. The reference of Tiresias in the drama signifies religious pandemonium. He is a blind but wise prophesier who # 8220 ; sees more [ ] than Lord Phoebus # 8221 ; ( Madden 24 ) . Tiresias knows the truth about Oedipus and provinces: # 8220 ; he # 8217 ; ll be shown a male parent who is besides brother ; to the 1 who bore him, boy and hubby ; to his male parent, his seed-fellow and killer # 8221 ; ( Madden 28 ) . Tiresias has # 8220 ; the strength of the truth # 8221 ; ( Madden 25 ) and pandemonium evolves when he does non talk of the truth he knows. With this, Oedipus accuses him of being # 8220 ; [ portion ] of [ the ] secret plan [ to slay Laius ] # 8221 ; ( Madden 26 ) , when in world, # 8220 ; [ Oedipus is the ] enemy # 8221 ; ( Madden 27 ) . Tiresias is unsighted due to natural causes, but when Oedipus tries to accomplish his degree of wisdom, all that is obtained is chaos. # 8220 ; [ H ] vitamin E snatched the pins [ ] and struck [ them ] into [ his orbs ] # 8221 ; ( Madden 50 ) in effort to see spiritually. Tiresias deceives Oedipus accidentally into believing that wisdom can be achieved by sightlessness ; Tiresias says: # 8220 ; since you have thrown my sightlessness at me: Your eyes can # 8217 ; t see the immorality to which you # 8217 ; ve come # 8221 ; ( Madden 27 ) . This incident depicts how Tiresias # 8217 ; order establishes pandemonium for Oedipus. Geting order can non be without the construct of pandemonium. The realisation that order leads to chaos manifests adult male # 8217 ; s chase for an unapproachable terminal. The challenge to carry through a life of order involves smart determination devising, and this procedure is indispensable for physical, rational and religious pandemonium.

Wednesday, March 18, 2020

How to Read and Write Files in Perl

How to Read and Write Files in Perl Perl is an ideal language for working with files. It has the basic capability of any shell script and advanced tools, such as regular expressions, that make it useful. In order to work with Perl files, you first need to learn how to read and write to them. Reading a file is done in Perl by opening a filehandle to a specific resource. Reading a File in Perl In order to work with the example in this article, youll need a file for the Perl script to read. Create a new text document called  data.txt  and place it in the same directory as the Perl program below. In the file itself, just type in a few names - one per line: When you run the script, the output should be the same as the file itself. The script is simply opening the specified file and looping through it line by line, printing each line as it goes. Next, create a filehandle called MYFILE, open it, and point it at the  data.txt file. Then use a simple while loop to automatically read each line of the data file one at a time. This places the value of each line in the temporary variable $_ for one loop. Inside the loop, use the chomp function to clear off the newlines from the end of each line and then print the value of $_ to show that it was read. Finally, close the filehandle to finish out the program. Writing to a File in Perl Take the same data file you worked with while learning to read a file in Perl. This time, you will write to it. To write to a file in Perl, you must open a filehandle and point it at the file youre writing. If youre using Unix, Linux or a Mac, you might also need to double-check your file permissions to see if your Perl script is allowed to write to the data file. If you run this program and then run the program from the previous section on reading a file in Perl, youll see that it added one more name to the list. In fact, every time you run the program, it adds another Bob to the end of the file. This is happening because the file was opened in  append  mode. To open a file in append mode, just prefix the filename with the  Ã‚  symbol. This tells the open function that you want to write to the file by tacking more onto the end of it. If  instead,  you want to overwrite the existing file with a new one, you use the  Ã‚  single greater than symbol to tell the open function that you want a fresh file each time. Try replacing the with a and you see that the data.txt file is cut down to a single name - Bob - each time you run the program. Next, use the print function to print the new name to the file. You print to a filehandle by following the print statement with the filehandle. Finally, close the filehandle to finish out the program.

Monday, March 2, 2020

10 Career Paths to Explore After Graduation

10 Career Paths to Explore After Graduation You did it! Degree in hand, head held high, you’re ready to take on the world. But†¦what will you do? The world is filled with opportunities, but you’re not sure where a passion for, say, sociology and literature and the environment might collide into a career. Never fear: there’s a career for you, ready for the taking. Read on to figure out how to determine where your skill sets and passions can lead you. Here is an infographic from enchancv  showing the different career paths you can explore after graduation.